Extracting money from a business
It may be advantageous for small business owners to take out surplus money that’s building up in their business. Changes to dividend taxation mean small business owners and entrepreneurs who pay themselves through dividends could face higher tax bills and lower take-home earnings.
This tax-planning scenario explains how clients can use a Venture Capital Trust (VCT) to extract surplus money from a business.
Build appropriate strategies for your clients
This scenario might be useful for clients who:
- want to reduce their income tax bill
- are looking for tax-efficient ways make a withdrawal from their business.
Things to keep in mind
- Nothing in this scenario should be viewed as advice.
- Any suitability decisions should be based on a client’s objectives and needs, as well as their attitude and capacity for risk.
- You should consider the value, eligibility and timings of tax reliefs and liabilities.
- You should consider the impact of relevant product charges (including initial and ongoing) like administration fees and annual management charges.
Vijay wants to make a tax-efficient extraction from his small business
Vijay is an independent IT contractor. Because he works as a consultant for a number of different companies, he has established a limited company.
Vijay chooses to pay himself a combination of a salary of £12,570 (within his National Insurance Contribution threshold) and a dividend of £39,700. He owes £3,386 in tax, meaning after tax, he’ll be left with £48, 884 in available cash.
Vijay also pays into his pension and chooses to invest in some new technology for his business. But he’s still left with surplus money building up in his business. There’s an opportunity cost to not better utilising this money, but there may also be other tax implications in the future if it continues to build.
Because of this, Vijay is keen to extract an additional dividend from his company but is wary about the extra tax he would owe.
Vijay’s financial adviser suggests investing in a VCT
Vijay talks to his financial adviser, who makes an assessment based on:
- his risk profile
- his investment time horizon: more than five years
- his attitude towards investing in smaller companies
Given Vijay’s goal of extracting surplus money tax efficiently, his adviser suggests that he pay himself an additional £50,000 dividend and invest it into a VCT, holding the investment for at least five years.
With a VCT, Vijay can claim up to 30% income tax relief on up to £200,000 invested in any single tax year – provided he holds his VCT shares for at least five years. Vijay can also benefit from tax-free dividends and no capital gains tax to pay when he sells the shares.
Risks to remember when investing in a VCT
- VCTs aren’t suitable for everyone. They’re high risk and should be considered as long-term investments. The value of an investment, and any income from it, can fall or rise. Investors may not get back the full amount they invest.
- Tax treatment depends on individual circumstances and can change in the future. Tax reliefs also depend on the VCT maintaining its qualifying status. Tax relief is available on investments of up to £200,000 per year.
- VCT shares could fall or rise in value more than other shares listed on the main market of the London Stock Exchange. They may also be harder to sell.
An overview of VCTs
VCTs were first introduced in 1995 and they’ve grown in popularity since. They’re a good fit for investors who:
- already have personal pensions and Individual Savings Accounts (ISAs)
- are comfortable with higher risk investments
VCTs have a different risk profile to pensions and ISAs and shouldn’t be compared on tax reliefs alone. A VCT isn’t likely to be suitable for investors who:
- need guaranteed income
- can’t tolerate loss
- want to keep immediate access to their money
Tax benefits of investing dividends in a VCT
Here’s an example that shows how a small business owner can take advantage of the tax benefits associated with investing in a VCT to offset some of their dividend tax bill.
Please note that before investing in a VCT, investors should read the product prospectus and Key Information Documents (KID).
Interested in VCTs?
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